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François G. Schmitt

publié le , mis à jour le

Directeur de Recherche (DR1) au CNRS

Director of the LOG

Address Contact
Station Marine Tél : 03 21 99 29 35
28 avenue Foch, BP 80 Fax : 03 21 99 29 01
62930 Wimereux, france Email

Other web page (more complete) :

Research topics

- turbulence and nonlinear variability in geophysics
- marine turbulence
- multifractal analysis and modelling
- physics-biology coupling in marine ecosystems
- micro-scale variability in oceanography
- animal behaviour (copepods)


Publications and production

Edited books :

- Schmitt, F.G. (Ed.) Observation des écosystèmes marin et terrestre de la Côte d’Opale ; du naturalisme à l’écologie, Presses de l’UOF, 2011, 321pp. ISBN : 978-2-9510625-4-2.

- Schmitt, F.G. (Ed.) Le 26e Forum des Jeunes Océanographes, Presses de l’UOF, 2012, 131pp. ISBN : 978-2-9510625-5-9.

- Schmitt, F.G. et Huang Y., Stochastic analysis of scaling times series : from turbulence theory to applications, Cambridge University Press, 2016, 220pp. ISBN : 9781107067615.

- Schmitt, F.G. et Lefebvre A. (Eds.) Mesures à haute résolution dans l’environnement marin côtier, CNRS Editions, 2016, 164pp. ISBN : 978-2-271-08592-4.

Overview of production :

  • In referred international journals : 113
  • In books : 39
  • Over 280 oral and poster presentations in international conferences
  • Around 60 seminars

Recent publications


55. Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, S.H. Cheng, J.S. Hwang, How and Why the Three Adult States of Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda, Calanoida) Swim Differently (Copepoda : Calanoida)., J. Plankton Res. 32, 423-440, 2010. [doi 10.1093/plankt/fbp141]
56. Vandromme, P., F.G. Schmitt, S. Souissi, E.J. Buskey, J. R. Strickler, C.H. Wu and J.S. Hwang : Symbolic analysis of plankton swimming trajectories : case study of Strobilidium sp (Protista) Helical walking under various food conditions, Zoological studies 49, 289-303, 2010.
57. Michalec, F.G., S. Souissi, G. Dur, S. Mahjoub, F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang, Differences in behavioral responses of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda, Calanoida) reproductive stages to salinity variations, Journal of Plankton Research 32, 805-813, 2010. [doi 10.1093/plankt/fbq006]
58. Souissi, S., Michalec, F.G., G. Dur, S. Mahjoub, F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang : How does salinity influence the swimming speed of estuarine copepods ? Journal of Plankton Research 32, 1227-1229, 2010 ; doi:10.1093/plankt/fbq059.
59. Schmitt, F. G., I. Vinkovic, M. Buffat : Use of Lagrangian statistics for the analysis of the scale separation hypothesis in turbulent channel flow, Physics Letters A 374, 3319-3327, 2010.
60. Huang YX, Schmitt FG, Lu, ZM, Fougairolles, P., Gagne, Y., Liu YL : Second order structure functions in fully developed turbulence, Physical Review E 82, 026319, 2010. [doi 10.1103/PhysRevE.82.026319]
61. Lee, C.H., H.U. Dahms, S.H. Cheng, S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, R. Kumar, J.S. Hwang, Predation on Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda : Calanoida) by grouper fish larvae Epinephelus coioides under different hydrodynamic conditions ?, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 393, 17-22, 2010. [doi 10.1016/j.jembe.2010.06.005]
62. Cailleaud, K., F.G. Michalec, J. Forget-Leray, H. Budzinski, J.S. Hwang, F.G. Schmitt, S. Souissi, Changes in the swimming behavior of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda, Calanoida) in response to a sub-lethal exposure to nonylphenols, Aquatic Toxicology 102, 228-231, 2011. [doi 10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.12.017]


63. Qiu, X., Mompean, G., Schmitt F.G., Thompson, R.L. : Modeling turbulent flow using viscoelastic viscometric functions, Journal of Turbulence, 12, 1-18, 2011. [doi 10.1080/14685248.2011.557381]
64. Schmitt, F.G., L. Ma, T. Angounou : The reform of the yuan and scaling properties of its exchange rate with dollar and euro, Quantitative Finance 11, 505-513, 2011. [DOI : 10.1080/14697681003785983]
65. Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, F.-G. Michalec, S. M. Mahjoub, J.-S. Hwang : Effects of animal density, volume and the use of 2D/3D recording on behavioral studies of copepods, Hydrobiologia 666, 197-214, 2011. [DOI 10.1007/s10750-010-0586-z]
66. Mahjoub Mohamed-Sofiane, S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, F.H. Nan, J.S. Hwang : Anisotropy and shift of search behavior in Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus) larvae in response to prey availability, Hydrobiologia 666, 215-222, 2011. [DOI 10.1007/s10750-010-0549-4]
67. Lee, C.H., H.U. Dahms, S.H. Cheng, S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, R. Kumar, J.S. Hwang, Mating behaviour of Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda, Calanoida) at calm and hydrodynamically disturbed waters, Marine Biology 158, 1085-1094, 2011. [DOI 10.1007/s00227-011-1632-8]
68. Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, D. Beyrend-Dur, J.-S. Hwang : Mating and mate choice in Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda : Calanoida), Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 402, 1-11, 2011. [doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.02.039]
69. Mahjoub Mohamed-Sofiane, S. Souissi, Michalec, F.G., F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang : Swimming kinematics of Eurytemora affinis (copepoda, Calanoida) reproductive stages and differential vulnerability to predation of larval Dicentrarchus labrax (Teleostei, Perciformes), Journal of Plankton Research 33, 1095-1103, 2011. [doi:10.1093/plankt/fbr013]
70. Schmitt, F. G., D. Devreker, G. Dur, S. Souissi : Direct evidence of tidally-oriented behaviour of the copepod Eurytemora affinis in the Seine estuary, Ecological Research 26, 773-780, 2011. [doi 10.1007/s11284-011-0841-4]
71. Huang, Y., F.G. Schmitt, J.-P. Hermand, Y. Gagne, Z. M. Lu, Y.L. Liu, Arbitrary order Hilbert spectral analysis for time series possessing scaling statistics : a comparison study with detrended fluctuation analysis and wavelet leaders, Physical Review E 84, 016208, 2011. [doi 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.016208]
72. Quiroz-Martinez, B., F.G. Schmitt, J.-C. Dauvin, J.-M. Dewarumez, A. Fauveau, C. Garcia : Distrtibution patterns of annelid polychaetes species from the contiental shelf (0-200 m) in the North Sea, English Channel, Irish Sea and Outer Bristol Channel, Italian Journal of Zoology 78(S1), 324-332, 2011. [DOI 10.1080/11250003.2011.591183]
73. Zongo, S. B, Schmitt, F. G : Scaling analysis of pH fluctuations in coastal waters of the English Channel, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 18, 829-839, 2011. [doi:10.5194/npg-18-829-2011]
74. Huang, Y., F.G. Schmitt, Zhou, X. Qiu, X.D. Shang, Z.M. Lu, Y.L. Liu : Scaling of maximum probability density functions of velocity and temperature increments in turbulent systems, Physics of Fluids 23, 125101, 2011. [doi : 10.1063/1.3662439]
75. Perpete, N. and F.G. Schmitt : A discrete log-normal process to generate a sequential multifractal time series, Journal of Statistical Mechanics, Theory and Experiments, P12013, 2011. [doi:10.1088/1742-5468/2011/12/P12013]
76. Mompean G., X. Qiu, F.G. Schmitt, R. Thompson : Turbulence modelling based on non-Newtonian constitutive laws, Journal of Physics : Conference series, 318, 042030, 2011. [doi:10.1088/1742-6596/318/4/042030]
77. Huang Y.X., F.G. Schmitt, Y. Gagne, Z.M. Lu, Y. Liu : Application of arbitrary-order Hilbert spectral analysis to passive scalar turbulence, Journal of Physics : Conference series, 318, 042003, 2011. [doi:10.1088/1742-6596/318/4/042003]
78. Schmitt, F. G., M. De Rosa, G. Durrieu, M. Sow, P. Ciret, D. Tran, J.-C. Massabuau : Statistical analysis of bivalve high frequency microclosing behavior : scaling properties and shot noise modeling, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos 21, 3565-3576, 2011. [doi : 10.1142/S0218127411030738]


79. Houliez E., Lizon F., Thyssen M., Artigas L.F., Schmitt F.G. : Spectral fluorometric characterization of Haptophyte dynamics using the FluoroProbe : an application in the Eastern English Channel for monitoring Phaeocystis globosa, J. Plankton Res. 34, 136-151, 2012. [doi : 10.1093/plankt/fbr091]
80. Quiroz-Martinez, B., F.G. Schmitt, J.-C. Dauvin : Statistical analysis of polychaete population diversity : hyperbolic extremes and species dynamics, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 19, 45-52, 2012. [doi:10.5194/npg-19-45-2012]
81. Mahjoub Mohamed-Sofiane, R. Kumar, S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang : Turbulence effects on the feeding dynamics in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 416-417, 61-67, 2012. [doi : 10.1016/j.jembe.2012.02.005]
82. Calif, R. and F.G. Schmitt, Modeling of atmospheric wind speed sequence using a lognormal continuous stochastic equation, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 109, 1-8, 2012. [doi : 10.1016/j.jweia.2012.06.002]
83. Xing Q., Loisel H., Schmitt F.G., Dessailly D., Hao Y., Han Q., Shi P. : Fluctuations of satellite-derived chlorophyll concentrations and optical indices at the Southern Yellow Sea, Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, 15, 168-175, 2012. [doi : 10.1080/14634988.2012.688480]
84. Dur G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, S.-H. Cheng, J.-S. Hwang, Sex ratio and mating behaviour in the Calanoid Copepod Pseudodiaptomus annandalei, Zoological Studies 51, 589-597, 2012.
85. Moison M., Schmitt F.G., Souissi S. : Effect of temperature on Temora longicornis swimming behaviour : illustration of seasonal impact in a temperate ecosystem, Aquatic Biology 16, 149-162, 2012. [doi:10.3354/ab00438]
86. Korotenko, K., A. Sentchev, F.G. Schmitt, Effect of variable winds on current structure and Reynolds stresses in a tidal flow : analysis of experimental data in the eastern English Channel, Ocean Science 8, 10205-1040, 2012. [doi:10.5194/os-8-1025-2012]


87. Korotenko, K., A. Sentchev, F.G. Schmitt, Nicolas Jouanneau, Variability of turbulent quantities in the tidal bottom boundary layer : case study in the Eastern English Channel, Continental Shelf Research 58, 21-31, 2013. [doi : 10.1016/j.csr.2013.03.001]
88. Moison M., Schmitt F.G., Souissi S. : Differences between females and males in the feeding activity of Temora longicornis, Ecological Research 28, 459-467, 2013. [doi : 10.1007/s11284-013-1034-0]
89. Houliez E., F. Lizon, S. Lefebvre, L.F. Artigas, F.G. Schmitt, Short-term variability and control of phytoplankton photosynthetic activity in a macrotidal ecosystem (the Straight of Dover, eastern English Channel), Marine Biology, 160, 1661-1679, 2013. [doi : 10.1007/s00227-013-2218-4]
90. Calif, R., F.G. Schmitt, Y. Huang, Characterization of wind energy fluctuations using arbitrary-order Hilbert spectral analysis, Physica A, 392, 4106-4120, 2013. [doi : 10.1016/j.physa.2013.04.038]
91. Houliez E., F. Lizon, L.F. Artigas, S. Lefebvre, F.G. Schmitt, Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton photosynthetic activity in a macrotidal ecosystem (the Straight of Dover, Eastern English Channel), Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 129, 37-48, 2013. [doi : 10.1016/j.ecss.2013.06.009]
92. Zongo, S.B., Koiumba Mabert B.D.C., Ndiaye A., Padzys G.S., Omouendze Mouaragadja P., Lepengué N.A., Schmitt F.G., Variability of pH in the Ogooué and M’passa rivers (Gabon), Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 3(10), 70-80, 2013.
93. Calif, R. and F.G. Schmitt, Yongxiang Huang, Intermittency study of high frequency global solar radiation sequences under tropical climate, Solar Energy 98, 349-365, 2013. [doi : 10.1016/j.solener.2013.09.018]


94. Huang, Yongxiang, François G Schmitt, Application of an empirical mode decomposition based time dependent intrinsic correlation to marine data, Journal of Marine Systems 130, 90-100, 2014. [doi : 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.06.007]
95. Huang, Yongxiang, François G Schmitt, Lagrangian cascade in three-dimensional homogeneous and isotropic turbulence, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 741, R2, 2014. [doi : 10.1017/jfm.2014.1]
96. Renosh, P.R., Schmitt F.G., Loisel H., Sentchev A., Mériaux X., High frequency variability of particle size distribution and its dependency on turbulence over the sea bottom during re-suspension processes, Continental Shelf Research 77, 51-60, 2014. [doi : 10.1016/j.csr.2014.01.024]
97. Schmitt, F.G. : Continuous multifractal models with zero values : a continuous beta-multifractal model, Journal of Statistical Mechanics, Theory and Experiments P02008, 2014. [doi : 10.1088/1742-5468/2014/02/P02008]
98. Calif, R. and F.G. Schmitt, Multiscaling and joint multiscaling description of the atmospheric wind speed and the aggregate output power from a wind farm, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 21, 379-392, 2014. [doi:10.5194/npg-21-379-2014]
99. Huang, Yongxiang, François G Schmitt, Yves Gagne, Two-scale correlation and energy cascade in three-dimensional turbulent flows, Journal of Statistical Mechanics, Theory and Experiments P05002, 2014. [doi : 10.1088/1742-5468/2014/02/P05002]
100. Xing Q., Gao M., Gao X., Tosi L., Schmitt F.G., Zhang Y., Shi P., Wei J., Luo Y., Progressive eutrophication behind the world-largest super floating macroalgal blooms in the Yellow Sea, Biogesciences Discuss. 11, 7029-7054, 2014. [doi:10.5194/bgd-11-7029-2014]
101. Sabia L., M. Uttieri, F.G. Schmitt, G. Zagami, E. Zambianchi, S. Souissi, A new invasive copepod in Lake Faro (Sicily) : observations on the swimming behaviour and the sex-dependent responses to the presence of food of the calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus marinus (Sato, 1913), Zoological Studies 53, 49, 2014. [doi:10.1186/s40555-014-0049-8]


102. Houliez E., F. Lizon, S. Lefebvre, L.F. Artigas, F.G. Schmitt, Phytoplankton photosynthetic activity dynamics in a macrotidal ecosystem (the Straight of Dover, eastern English Channel) : time scales of variability and environmental control, Journal of Marine Systems 147, 61-75, 2015. [doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.05.001]
103. Renosh, P.R., Schmitt F.G., Loisel H., Scaling analysis of ocean surface turbulent heterogeneities from satellite remote sensing : use of 2D structure functions, PLoS ONE 10(5), e0126975, 2015. [doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126975]
104. Duran Medina, O., Schmitt F.G., Calif R., Multiscale analysis of wind velocity, power output and toration of a windmill, Energy Procedia, 76, 193-199, 2015. [doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.897]
105. Derot, J., Schmitt F. G., Gentilhomme V. Zongo-Brizard S., Long-term high frequency phytoplankton dyanmics, recorded from a coastal water autonomous measurement system in the eastern English Channel, Continental Shelf Research, 109, 210-221, 2015. [doi:10.1016/j.csr.2015.09.015]
106. Michalec F.G., Schmitt F.G., Souissi S., Holzner M., Characterization of intermittency in zooplankton behaviour in turbulence, European Physical Journal E 38, 108, 2015. [doi:10.1140/epje/i2015-15108-2]
107. Renosh, P.R., Schmitt F.G., Loisel H., Intermittent particle dynamics in marine coastal waters, Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 22, 633-643, 2015. [doi:10.5194/npg-22-633-2015]
108. Calif, R. and F.G. Schmitt, Taylor law in wind energy data, Resources 4, 787-795, 2015. [doi:10.3390/resources4040787]
109. Wei, W., F.G. Schmitt, Y.X. Huang, H.S. Zhang, The analyses of turbulence characteristics in the atmospheric surface layer using arbitrary-order Hilbert spectra, Boundary-Layer Meteorology 159(2), 391-406, 2016. [doi:10.1007/s10546-015-0122-9]


110. Ardeshiri H., I. Benkeddad, F.G. Schmitt, S. Souissi, F. Toschi, E. Calzavarini, Lagrangian model of copepod dynamics : clustering by escape jumps in turbulence, Physical Review E 93(4), 043117, 2016. [doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.93.043117]
111. Derot J., Schmitt F.G., Gentilhomme V. Morin P., Correlation between long-term marine temperature time series from the eastern and western English Channel : scaling analysis using empirical mode decomposition, Comptes Rendus Géosciences 348(5), 343-349, 2016. [doi:10.1016/J.crte.2015.12.001]
112. Mahjoub, M.S., Dur, G., Souissi, S., Schmitt, F.G., Hwang, J.S., Multifractal anisotropic swimming : the optimal foraging behavior of grouper larvae, Journal of Fish Biology 88(5), 1834-1846, 2016. [doi:10.1111/jfb.12948]
113. Calif, R., F.G. Schmitt, Y. Huang, Study of local correlations of the simultaneous wind speed-irradiance measurements using the time dependent intrinsic correlation method, Journal of Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, in press.