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Sami Souissi

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Professeur des Universités - Université de Lille1

Address Contact
Station Marine Tél : 03 21 99 29 08
28 avenue Foch, BP 80 Fax : 03 21 99 29 01
62930 Wimereux, france Email : Sami Souissi

Areas of professional expertise

- Role of the diversity of behaviour, morphology, and life cycle traits of zooplankton in the functioning of aquatic ecosystems from small to large scales.

- Aquaculture of copepods : from fundamental to R&D programs
Use of mass culture of estuarine copepods to enhance the development of new bioindicators of water quality and understanding key ecological and evolutionary processes in the context of climate change.

- Artificial Intelligence and Individual-Based Modelling applied to biological systems using Object-Oriented models and Multi-Agent Systems.

- Numerical ecology : developing new multivariate mapping methods for analysing complex databases in environmental research.

Teaching activity

- Theory and application of statistics in biology ; Role of scales in oceanography

- Sampling strategies and initiation of modeling in ecology

- Population dynamics of aquatic organisms


1994 - Master of Biological Oceanography, speciality Modelling and Data Analysis, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), France.

1998 - Doctor of Biological Oceanography and Marine Environment,
University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), France Fellow from the CNRS (1995-1998)

2006 - Habilitation degree in Natural Sciences, University of Lille 1, France. Title ‘Role of life cycle strategies of planktonic copepods in the functioning of aquatic ecosystems : individual based and multiscale approaches’

Scientific editions

- Guest co-editor of the proceedings of the 9th ICOC, the copepod special issue in Journal of Plankton Research, Souissi et al. (2007)

- Guest co-editor of the proceedings of the 9th ICOC, the copepods special section in Hydrobiologia, Souissi and Boxshall (2009)

- Edition of the web site (first version) and active member of development of the final version of the software project MOBIDYC (MOdelling tools Based on Individuals for the DYnamics of Communities) (Ginot & Souissi, 2002 tutorials Fr & En)

Recent Publications


1) Dur G, Schmitt FG & Souissi S (2007) Analysis of high frequency temperature time series in the Seine estuary from the Marel autonomous monitoring buoy. Hydrobiologia, 588, 59-68.

2) Cailleaud K, Maillet G, Budzinski H, Souissi S & Forget-Leray J (2007) Effects of salinity and temperature on the expression of enzymatic biomarkers in Eurytemora affinis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, 147:841-849.

3) Souissi S, Daly Yahia MN & Hwang J-S (2007) Foreword (Copepod special issue), Journal of Plankton Research, 29:i1-i2.

4) Devreker D, Souissi S, Forget-Leray J & Leboulenger F (2007) Effects of salinity and temperature on the post embryonic development of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda ; Calanoida) of the Seine estuary : a laboratory study. Journal of Plankton Research, 29:i117-i133.

5) Dur G, Hwang JS, Souissi S, Tseng LC, Wu CH, Hsiao SH & Chen QC (2007) An overview of the influence of the hydrodynamics on the spatial and temporal patterns of the calanoid copepod communities around Taiwan. Journal of Plankton Research, 29:i97-i116.

6) Anneville O, Molinero JC, Souissi S, Balvay G & Gerdeaux D (2007) Long-term changes in the copepod community of Lake Geneva. Journal of Plankton Research, 29:i49-i59.

7) Molinero JC, Anneville O, Souissi S, Lainé L & Gerdeaux D (2007) Decadal changes in water temperature and ecological time series in Lake Geneva, Europe – relationship to subtropical Atlantic climate. Climate Research, 34:15-23.

8) Gómez F & Souissi S (2007) The distribution and life cycle of the dinoflagellates Spatulodinium pseudonoctiluca (Noctilucales, Dinophyceae) in the NE English Channel. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 330:231-236.

9) Jiménez-Melero R, Parra G, Souissi S & Guerrero F (2007) Post-embryonic development of Arctodiaptomus salinus (Copepoda : Calanoida) at different temperatures : Comments on individual variability. Journal of Plankton Research, 29 : 553-567.

10) Gómez F, Claustre H, Raimbault P & Souissi S (2007) Two High-Nutrient Low-Chlorophyll phytoplankton assemblages : the tropical central Pacific and the offshore Perú-Chile Current. Biogeosciences, 4 : 1101-1113.

11) Cailleaud K, Forget-Leray J, Souissi S, Hilde D, LeMenach K & Budzinski H (2007) Seasonal variations of hydrophobic organic contaminant concentrations in the water-column of the Seine Estuary and their transfer on a planktonic species Eurytemora affinis (Calanoïda, copepoda). Part1 : PCBSs and PAHs. Chemosphere, 70(2):270-280.

12) Cailleaud K, Forget-Leray J, Augagneur S, Lardy S, Souissi S & Budzinski H (2007) Seasonal variations of hydrophobic organic contaminant concentrations in the water-column of the Seine Estuary and their transfer to a planktonic species Eurytemora affinis (Calanoïd, copepod). Part2 : Alkylphenols polyethoxylates. Chemosphere, 70(2):281-287.

13) Gómez F & Souissi S (2007) Unusual diatoms linked to climatic events in the northeastern English Channel. Journal of Sea Research, 58(4):283-290.


14) Molinero JC, Ibanez F, Souissi S, Bosc E & Nival P (2008) Surface patterns of zooplankton spatial variability detected by high frequency sampling in the NW Mediterranean. Role of density fronts. Journal of Marine Systems, 69:271-282.

15) Molinero JC, Ibanez F, Souissi S, Buecher E, Dallot S & Nival P (2008) Climate control on exceptional events in zooplankton long-term changes of the Northwestern Mediterranean. Global Change Biology, 14, 11-26.

16) Tzeng LC, Souissi S, Dahms HU, Chen QC & Hwang JS (2008) Copepod communities related to water masses in the southwest East China Sea. Helgoland Marine Research, 62(2) : 153-165.

17) Tse P, Souissi S, Hwang J-S, Chen QC & Wong CK (2008) Spatial and seasonal variations in chaetognath assemblages in the subtropical coastal waters of Hong Kong. Zoological Studies, 47(3) : 258-267.

18) Souissi A, Souissi S* & Daly Yahia MN (2008) Temporal variability of abundance and reproductive traits of Centropages kroyeri (Calanoida ; Copepoda) in Bizerte Channel (SW Mediterranean Sea, Tunisia). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 355 : 125-136. (* corresponding author)

19) Tseng LC, Kumar R, Dahms HU, Chen CT, Souissi S, Chen QC & Hwang J-S (2008) Copepod community structure over a marine outfall area in the northeastern South China Sea, Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK, 88(5) : 955-966.

20) Gómez F, Claustre H & Souissi S (2008) Rarely reported dinoflagellates of the genera Ceratium, Gloeodinium, Histioneis, Oxytoxum and Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from the open southeast Pacific Ocean. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, 43 (1), 25-40.

21) Cailleaud, K., Souissi, S., Augagneur, S., Lardy, S., Budzinski, H. & Forget-Leray (2008) Experimental study of the transfer and effects of potentially endocrine disrupting substances using Eurytemora affinis as test organism. Marine Environmental Research, 66(1) : 123-124.

22) Devreker D, Souissi S, Molinero JC & Nkibuto F (2008) Trade-offs of the copepod Eurytemora affinis in mega-tidal estuaries. Insights from high frequency sampling in the Seine Estuary. Journal of Plankton Research, 30(12) : 1329-1342.

23) Schmitt FG, Dur G, Souissi S & Zongo SB (2008) Multiscale fluctuations of turbidity, oxygen and pH in the Seine river estuary (France) obtained from an autonomous measuring device. Physica A, 387 : 6613-6623.

24) Gómez, F. & Souissi, S. (2008) The impact of the 2003 summer heat wave and the 2005 late cold wave on the phytoplankton in the north-eastern English Channel. Comptes Rendus Biologies 331, 678-685.

25) Mahjoub MS, Anneville O, Molinero JC, Souissi S & Hwang J-S (2008) Foraging behavior of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus larvae on wild zooplankton. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems. 308 : 05p1-p14 DOI : 10.1051/kmae:2008008.


26) Souissi S. & Boxshall G.A. (2009) Preface (Copepoda special section), Hydrobiologia, 617 :1-2.

27) Cailleaud K, Forget-Leray J, Pehulet L, LeMenach K, Souissi S & Budzinski H (2009) Tidal influence on the distribution of hydrophobic organic contaminants in the Seine Estuary and on their biological effects on the copepod Eurytemora affinis. Environmental Pollution, 157 : 64-71.

28) Devreker D, Souissi S, Winkler G, Forget-Leray J & Leboulenger F (2009) Effects of salinity and temperature on the reproduction of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda ; Calanoida) from the Seine estuary : a laboratory study. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 368 : 113-123. (Review Article)

29) Cailleaud K, Budzinski H, Le Menach K, Souissi S & Forget-Leray J (2009) Uptake and elimination of hydrophobic organic contaminants in estuarine copepods : an experimental study. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 28 : 239-246.

30) Moison M, Schmitt FG, Souissi S, Seuront L, Hwang JS (2009) Symbolic dynamics and entropies of copepod behaviour under non-turbulent and turbulent conditions. Journal of Marine Systems, 77 : 388-396.

31) Hwang J-S, Souissi S, Dahms H-U, Tseng L-C, Schmitt FG & Chen QC (2009) Ecological implications of rank-abundance allocations - using planktonic copepod assemblages off the Danshuei estuary, Taiwan : a case study. Zoological Studies, 48(1) : 49-61.

32) Dur G, Souissi S, Devreker D, Ginot V, Schmitt FG & Hwang J-S (2009) Effect of temperature and individual variability on the reproduction of the estuarine copepod Eurytemora affinis Individual-based experimental and modelling approach. Ecological Modelling, 220 : 1073-1089.

33) Beyrend-Dur D., Souissi S*, Devreker D, Winkler G & Hwang J-S (2009). Life Cycle Traits of Two Transatlantic Populations of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda : Calanoida) : Salinity effects. Journal of Plankton Research, 31 : 713-128. (corresponding author)

34) Anneville O, Souissi S, Molinero JC & Gerdeaux D (2009). Influences of human activity and climate on the stock-recruitment dynamics of whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus, in Lake Geneva. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 16, 492-500.


35) Hwang JS, Hsieh CW, Kuo AY, Kumar R, Souissi S, Hsu MH, Wu JT, Liu WC, Wang CF & Chen QC (2010) Patterns of zooplankton distribution along marine, estuarine and riverine portion of Danshuei ecosystem, northern Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 49(3):335-352.

36) Vandromme P, Schmitt FG, Souissi S, Buskey EJ, Strickler RJ, Wu C-H & Hwang J-S (2010) Helical Walk in Plankton Swimming Behavior : a Symbolic Analysis. Zoological Studies, 49(3) : 289-303.

37) Souissi A., Souissi S.*, Devreker D. & Hwang J. S. (2010) Occurence of intersexuality in a laboratory culture of the copepod Eurytemora affinis from the Seine estuary (France). Marine Biology, 157(4) : 851-861.

38) Michalec, F.G., S. Souissi, G. Dur, S. Mahjoub, F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang (2010) Differences in behavioral responses of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda, Calanoida) adults to salinity variations, Journal of Plankton Research, 32(6):805-813.

39) Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, S.H. Cheng, J.S. Hwang (2010) The different aspects in motion of the three reproductive stages of Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda, Calanoida), J. Plankton Res, 32 : 423-440.

40) Anneville O, Molinero JC, Souissi S, & Gerdeaux D. (2010) Seasonal and interannual variability of cladoceran communities in two peri-alpine lakes : uncoupled response to the 2003 heat wave. J. Plankton Res. 32 : 913-925.

41) Gómez F & Souissi S (2010) The diatoms Odontella sinensis, Cscinodiscus wailesii and Talassiosira punctigera in the Euopean Atlantic : recent introductions or overlooked in the past ? Fresen. Environ. Bull., 19 (6), 1424-1433.

42) S. Souissi, Michalec, F.G., G. Dur, S. Mahjoub, F.G. Schmitt, J.S. Hwang (2010) How does salinity influence the estuarine copepod Eurytemora affinis ? : reply. 32(8), 1227-1229.

43) C.-H. Lee, H.-U. Dahms, S.-H. Cheng, S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, R. Kumar & J-S. Hwang (2010) Predation on Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda : Calanoida) by the grouper fish larvae Epinephelus coioides under different hydrodynamic conditions, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 393, 17-22.

44) Cailleaud K., Budzinski H., Lardy S., Augagneur S., Barka S., Souissi S. & Forget-Leray F. (2010) Uptake and elimination, and effect of estrogen like contaminants in estuarine copepods : an experimental study. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 18(2), 226-236. DOI 10.1007/s11356-010-0355-6.

45) Devreker D., Souissi S., Molinero J.C., Beyrend-Dur D., Gomez F. & Forget-Leray J. (2010) Tidal and annual variability of the population structure of Eurytemora affinis in the middle part of the Seine Estuary during 2005. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 89, 245-255.


46) Mahjoub M.S., Souissi S., Schmitt F.G., Nan F.H. & Hwang J.S. (2011) Anisotropy and shift of search behavior in Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus) larvae in response to prey availability. Hydrobiologia, 666:215-222.

47) Anneville O., Berthon V., Glippa O., Mahjoub M.S., Molinero J.C. & Souissi S. (2011) Ontogenetic dietary changes of whitefish larvae : insights from field and experimental observations. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 91:27-38.

48) Cailleaud K., Michalec F.-G., Forget-Leray J., Budzinski H., Hwang J.S., Schmitt F.G. & Souissi S. (2011) Changes in the swimming behavior of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda, Calanoida) in response to a sub-lethal exposure to nonylphenols. Aquatic Toxicology, 102:228-231.

49) Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, F.G. Michalec, M.S. Mahjoub, J.S. Hwang (2011) Effects of animal density, volume, and the use of 2D/3D recording on behavioral studies of copepods. Hydrobiologia, 666:197-214.

50) Glippa O., Souissi S., Denis L. & Lesourd S. (2011) Calanoid copepod resting egg abundance and hatching success in the sediment of the Seine estuary (France), Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 92:255-262.

51) Lee C.H., Dahms H.U., Cheng S.H., Souissi S., Schmitt F.G., Kumar R. & Hwang J.S. (2011) Mating behaviour of Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda, Calanoida) at calm and hydrodynamically disturbed waters. Marine Biology, 158 : 1085-1094.

52) Mahjoub M.S., Souissi S., Michalec F.G., Schmitt F.G & Hwang J.S. (2011) Swimming kinematics of Eurytemora affinis (Copepoda, Calanoida) reproductive stages and differential vulnerability to predation of larval Dicentrarchus labrax (Teleostei, Perciformes). Journal of Plankton Research, 33 : 1095-1103.

53) Dur, G., S. Souissi, F.G. Schmitt, Beyrend-Dur D., S.H. Cheng, J.S. Hwang (2011) Mating and mate choice in Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda : Calanoida). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 402 :1-11.

54) Beyrend-Dur D., Kumar R., Rao T.R., Souissi S., Cheng S.H. & Hwang J.S. (2011) Demographic parameters of adults of Pseudodiaptomus annandalei (Copepoda : Calanoida) : temperature-salinity and generation effects. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 404 :1-14.

55) Schmitt F.G., Devreker D., Dur G. & Souissi S. (2011) Direct evidence of tidally-oriented behaviour of the copepod Eurytemora affinis in the Seine estuary. Ecological Research, 26:773-780.

56) Winkler G., Souissi S. Poux C. & Castric V. (2011) Genetic heterogeneity among several Eurytemora affinis populations in Western Europe. Marine Biology, 158:1841-1856.


57) Moison M., Schmitt F.G., Souissi S. (2012) Effect of temperature on Temora longicornis swimming behaviour : illustration of seasonal effects in a temperate ecosystem. Aquatic Biology, 16 :149-162.

58) Kumar R., Souissi S. & Hwang J.S. (2012) Vulnerability of carp larvae to copepod predation as a function of larval age and body length. Aquaculture, 338-341:271-283.

59) Xuereb B., Forget-Leray J., Souissi S., Glippa O., Devreker D., Lesueur T., Marie S., Danger J.M., Boulangé-Lecomte C. (2012) Molecular characterization and mRNA expression of grp78 and hsp90A in the estuarine copepod Eurytemora affinis. Cell Stress and Chaperones, 17(4) : 457-472.

60) Licandro P., Souissi S., Ibanez F. & Carré C. (2012) Long-term variability and environmental preferences of calycophoran siphonophores in the Bay of Villefranche (north-western Mediterranean). Progress in Oceanography, 97-100 : 152-163.

61) Dur G., Souissi S., Schmitt F.G., Cheng S.H., Hwang J.S. (2012) Sex ratio and mating behavior in the calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus annandalei. Zoological Studies, 51(5) : 589-597.

62) Mahjoub M.S., Kumar R., Souissi S., Schmitt F.G., Hwang J.S. (2012) Turbulence effects on the feeding dynamics in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 416-417:61-67.

63) Devreker D., Pierson J., Souissi S., Kimmel D.G., Roman M. (2012) An experimental approach to estimate egg production and development rate of the calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis in Chesapeake Bay, USA. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 416-417:72-83.

64 ) Michalec F.G., Holzner M., Hwang J.S. & Souissi S.* (2012) Three dimensional observation of salinity-induced changes in the swimming behavior of the estuarine calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus annandalei. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 438 : 24-31.


65) Moison M., Schmitt F.G., Souissi S. (2013) Differences between females and males in the feeding activity of Temora longicornis. Ecological Research, 28 : 459-467.

66) Brooker A.J., Bron J.E., Souissi S. & Shinn A.P. (2013) Role of kairomones in host location in the pennellid copepod parasite, Lernaeocera branchialis (L., 1767). Parasitology, 140:756-770.

67) Sukhikh N., Souissi A., Souissi S., Alekseev V. (2013) Invasion of Eurytemora sibling species (Copepoda : Temoridae) from north America into the Baltic Sea and European Atlantic coast estuaries. Journal of Natural History, 47 :753-767.

68) Pan Y .J., Souissi S., Souissi S., Wu C.H., Cheng S.H., Hwang J.S. (2013) Dietary effects on egg production, egg-hatching rate and female life span of the tropical calanoid copepod Acartia bilobata. Aquaculture Research, in press

69) Souissi A., Souissi S.*, Hwang J.S. (2013) The effect of epibiont ciliates on the behavior and mating success of the copepod Eurytemora affinis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 445 : 38-43.

70) Michalec F.G., Holzner M., Menu D., Hwang J.S. & Souissi S.* (2013) Behavioral responses of the estuarine calanoid copepod Eurytemora affinis to sub-lethal concentrations of waterborne pollutants. Aquatic Toxicology, in press.

71) Beyrend-Dur D., Souissi S., Hwang J.S. (2013) Population dynamics of calanoid copepods in the subtropical mesohaline Danshuei Estuary (Taiwan) and typhoon effects. Ecological Research, in press

Chapters in contributed books

1) Forget-Leray J, Souissi S, Devreker D, Cailleaud K & Budzinski H (2009) Ecological status and health of the planktonic copepod Eurytemora affinis in the Seine estuary. In Environmental assessment of estuarine ecosystems : A case study. Amiard-Triquet C. (Ed.) Taylor & Francis Group. pp 199-226.